ANNA UNIVERSITY - COIMBATORE - 13
CURRICULUM - 2007
FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
POST GRADUATE PROGRAMME
Branch : M.E. (STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING)
SEMESTER - I (FULL- TIME
07ST101 Applied Mathematics 3 1 0 100
07ST102 Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity 3 1 0 100
07ST103 Structural Dynamics 3 0 0 100
07ST104 Experimental Methods and Model Analysis 3 0 0 100
07STEXX Elective - I 3 0 0 100
07STEXX Elective - II 3 0 0 100
07ST105 Structural Engineering Laboratory 0 0 3 100
SEMESTER - II (FULL- TIME)
07ST201 Advanced Structural Analysis and FEM
Techniques 3 1 0 100
07ST202 Concrete Structures 3 1 0 100
07ST203 Steel Structures 3 1 0 100
07ST204 Design of Substructures 3 1 0 100
07STEXX Elective - III 3 0 0 100
07STEXX Elective - IV 3 0 0 100
LIST OF ELECTIVES07STE01 Advanced Concrete Technology 3 0 0 100
07STE02 Advanced Construction Technology 3 0 0 100
07STE03 Aseismic Design of Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE04 CADD for Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE05 Design of Bridges 3 0 0 100
07STE06 Design of Shell and Spatial Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE07 Design of Steel Concrete Composite
Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE08 Design of Structures for Dynamic Loads 3 0 0 100
07STE09 Design of Tall Buildings 3 0 0 100
07STE10 Disaster Resistant Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE11 Environmental Engineering Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE12 Industrial Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE13 Maintenance and Rehabilitation of Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE14 Optimization in Structural Design 3 0 0 100
07STE15 Prefabricated Structures 3 0 0 100
07STE16 Prestressed Concrete 3 0 0 100
07STE17 Soil Structure Interaction 3 0 0 100
07STE18 Stability of Structures 3 0 0 100
07ST101 APPLIED MATHEMATICSUNIT - I TRANSFORM METHODS (12)
Laplace and inverse transforms - integral transforms - transform methods for
boundary value problems - initial value problems - applications in one and two
dimensions.UNIT - II CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS (12)
Variations -one and multi-dimensional - Euler equation - functionals - differential
and integral variations - Ritz and Kantarovich methods - weighted residuals -
Discrete approximations - finite difference, finite element and boundary elements.UNIT - III PROBABILITY AND RANDOM THEORY (12)
Probability and random variables and functions - moments in one and two
dimensions - first order and second order methods - correlation and regression
Multi dimensions- applications.UNIT - IV ESTIMATION THEORY (12)
Principles of least squares - multiple and partial correlations - parameter estimation -
likelihood estimates - method of momentsUNIT - V SOFT COMPUTING METHODS (12)
Deterministic and fuzzy variables- likelihood functions - fuzzy relations - neural nets- algorithms in neural nets - evolutionary approaches - genetic algorithms .
1 Jain, R.K., Iyengar, SRK. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Narosa
2 Andrews, L.C. and Srivamoggi, B.K., Integral Transform for Engineers, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003
3 A.S. Gupta - Calculus of Variations with Applications, Prentice Hall of India Pvt.
4 J.N. Kapan & H.C. Sexana - Mathematical Statistics, S. Chand & Co., 2003
5 R. Beale, C.T. Jacson, Neural Computing - An Introduction, Adam Hilger, 1990
6 Melanie Mitchell, An Introduction to Genetic Algorithms, PHI, 19907 Simon Haykin, Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation, 2nd Edition,
Prentice Hall / Pearson Education, 1999.
8 Valluru Rao, Hayagriva Rao, C++ Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic, MIS
07ST102 THEORY OF ELASTICITY AND PLASTICITY L T P M 3 1 0 100UNIT - I ELASTICITY (12)
Analysis of stress and strain, stress-strain relationship.-Generalized Hook's law.-
Plane stress and Plane strain problems.UNIT - II ELASTICITY SOLUTION (12)
Two dimensional problems in Cartesian and Polar co-ordinates for simple
problems.- Airy's stress function - Bi harmonic equation - Saint Venant's principle -
Thick cylinder - bending of Curved BarsUNIT - III TORSION OF NON CIRCULAR SECTION (12)
Methods of analysis- Membrane analogy-Torsion of thin rectangular section and
hollow thin walled sections.UNIT - IV ENERGY METHODS (12)
Principle of Virtual Work-Energy theorem - Rayleigh Ritz method- deflection of beams
problems - Finite difference methodUNIT - V PLASTICITY (12)
Physical assumption-Mechanical models-Kelvin and Maxwell model- Viscous
elasticity-Friction and Coulomb models-Series, Parallel and Hybrid models-
Applications- Criterion of Yielding, Yield surface, Flow rule.-Elastic-Plastic problems
in bending-Torsion and Thick cylinders - Introduction to Fracture Mechanics.
Lecture 45 Tutorial15 Total 60
1 Timoshenko.S and Goodier.J.N.," Theory of Elasticity", Mc Graw Hill Book Co.,
2 Sadhu sing.," Theory of Elasticity", Khanna Publishers,New Delhi.1988
3 Sadhu sing.," Theory of Plasticity", Khanna Publishers,New Delhi.1988
4 Prasant kumar., "Elements of Fracture Mechanics", A.H.Wheeler & Co,
New Delhi 1989
5 Popov.E.,"Mechanics of Materials", Prentice Hall reprinted Pearson education,
07ST103 STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I PRINCIPLES OF DYNAMICS (9)
Formulation of Equations of Motion by different methods-Problems on Formulation of
Equation of motion-Single degree of freedom systems-Free and Forced response-
Effect of Damping-Simple Problems on beams and frames.UNIT - II MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEM (9)
Formulation of Structure, property matrices-Eigen value problems-methods-
Dunkerly's method-Holzer method- Stodola method-Rayleigh's method- Rayleigh-
Ritz method-Mode shapes-orthonormality of modes.UNIT - III DYNAMIC RESPONSE OF MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS (9)
Mode superposition Techniques-Problems on two degree of freedom for building
frames-Numerical Integration Techniques-New marks method-Linear Acceleration
method-Problems-Numerical Evaluation of Duhamel's Integral.UNIT - IV CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS (9)
Modelling- Free and forced vibrations of bars- Flexural vibration of simple beams-
Modes and frequencies-Orthogonality properties of normal modes of continuous
systems.UNIT - V DESIGN OF STRUCTURES SUBJECTED TO DYNAMIC LOADS (9)
Idelisation of multi-storeyed frames for dynamic analysis-Machine foundationsanalysis
for blast loading-Erthquake response-elastic rebound theory-deterministic
analysis of earthquake response-lumped SDOF system-Design of earthquake
response-Design of earthquake resistant structures-IS code provisions.
1 Clough R.W. and Penzien J., Dynamics of Structures, McGraw Hill,1975.
2 Paz Mario,Structural Dynamics,Academic Press,1985.
3 Roy R.Craig,Jr.,Strutural Dynamics-An Introduction to Computer Methods, John
Wiley and Sons,1981.
4 Anil Chopra, Dynamics of Structures, Prentice Hall of India, EEE Edition.
07ST104 EXPERIMENTAL METHODS AND MODEL ANALYSIS L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I (9)
Basic Concept in Measurements, Measurement of displacement, strain pressure,
force, torque etc, Type of strain gauges (Mechanical, Electrical resistance,
Acoustical etc. )UNIT - II (9)
Strain gauge circuits - The potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge - Use of lead
wires switches etc. Use of electrical resistance strain gauges in transducer
applicationsUNIT - III (9)
Indicating and recording devices - Static and dynamic data recording -Data (Digital
and Analogue) acquisition and processing systems. Strain analysis methods -
Rosette analysis. Static and dynamic testing techniques. Equipment for loading-
Moire's techniquesUNIT - IV (9)
Non destructive testing techniques. Photoelasticity - optics of photoelasticity -
Polariscope - Isoclinics and Isochromatics - methods of stress separationUNIT - V (9)
Laws of similitude - model materials - model testing - testing large scale structures -
1 Rangan C S et al., Instrumentation - Devices and Systems, Tata McGraw-Hill
Publishing Co., Ltd., New Delhi, 1983
2 Sadhu Singh, Experimental Stress Analysis, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi,
3 Dally J W and Riley W.F, Experimental stress Analysis, McGraw-Hill, Inc. New
4 Srinath L S et al, Experimental Stress Analysis, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing
Co., Ltd., New Delhi, 1984
07ST105 STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING LABORATORY L T P M
0 0 3 100
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
1 Properties of concrete making materials
2 Concrete Mix Design by IS method and ACI method
3 Properties of fresh concrete -workability tests on concrete -slump, compaction
factor & Vee-Bee consistometer test
4 Properties of hardened concrete-under compression, and bending - stress vs
strain behaviour -modulus of elasticity
5 Strain gauges - Principles and applications, mechanical, optical and electrical
strain gauges, Strain recording instruments.
6 Beahaviour of structural elements (beams /slabs) in flexure ,shear.
7 Non destructive tests on concrete -Rebound Hammer and Ultrasonic Pulse
Velocity Concrete Test
8 Study of load cell and its design
9 Strain Recording instruments
10 Vibration measurement
1 Dally J W, and Riley W F, "Experimental Stress Analysis", McGraw-Hill, Inc.
New York, 1991.
2 M.S Shetty, "Concrete Technology Theory and Practice", S. Chand & Company
3 Dr. Sadhu Singh, " Experimental Stress Analysis", Khanna Publications, New
4 L.S Srinath, M.R Raghavan, K. Lingaish, G. Gargesha, B. Paint, K.
Ramachandra, Experimental Stress Analysis:, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing
Company Ltd, New Delhi, 1984
5 IS 10262-guidelines for proportioning of concrete mixes
6 Santhakumar A.R "Concrete Technology, Oxford Higher Education ,New
SEMESTER - II
07ST201 ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND F E M TECHNIQUES.
3 1 0 100
1. MODELLING 12
Engineering design cycle - modeling types - dimensional and analytical models -
numerical and design models - computer-based modeling- examples
2. MATRIX METHODS 12
Force and displacement methods - relation with energy - stiffness and flexibility
solution of equations - beam, truss and frame applications
3. FINITE ELEMENT METHOD 12
Element formulation-triangular and rectangular elements-three dimensional
elements. Isoparametric formulation-axisymmetric element- Numerical integeration-
Applications in solid mechanics.
4. LINEAR ANALYSIS 12
Performance of structural systems - load-deflection - moment-rotation - linearity
Discretisation by finite elements - assembly and solution - applications using
Software- pre and post processor interpretations
5. NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS 12
Definition - geometric and material nonlinearity - strain displacement - stress- strain
- finite element format - software usage for large deflection - software for inelastic
Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15 , TOTAL = 60
1. Rao, S.S., Applied Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Pearson
Higher Education, 2001.
2. Rao, S.S., The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Pergamon Press, 1999.
3. Bathe, K.J., Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis, Prentice Hall,
4. Moaveni, S., Finite Element Analysis - Theory and Application, Prentice Hall,
5. P.Seshu, Finite Element Analysis, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi,
07ST202 CONCRETE STRUCTURES 3 1 0 100
1. OVERALL REVIEW: 12
Design for Limit state of collapse- Design for limit state of serviceability-
Calculation of deflection and crack width.-Design of beams for combined
effect of shear, bending moment and torsion.-Analysis and design of beams
curved in plan and spandrel beams.
2. DESIGN OF SPECIAL RC ELEMENTS: 12
Design of slender columns-Design of RC walls- Shear walls-Classification and
Design principles.-Design of rectangular and flanged Shear walls- Design of
Corbels- Design of Deep beams
3. DESIGN OF FLAT SLAB AND GRID FLOORS : 12
Yield line theory of slabs - Hillerberg's method of design of slab - Design of
Slab Equivalent frame method of design - Approximate analysis and Design of
4. INELASTIC BEHAVIOUR OF RC BEAMS: 12
Inelastic behaviour of concrete beams - Moment Rotation curves - Moment
redistribution - Baker's method of analysis and design - Design of cast in situ
joints in frame.
5. DETAILING REQUIREMENTS: 12
Design and detailing of structural members using seismic design -
Reinforcement detailing of structural members as pr SP:34 & IS:5525 - Earth
quake Resistant Design - Detailing requirements for Ductility as per IS:13920
- Fire resistance of buildings.
Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15 , TOTAL = 60
Reference Books :
1. Varghese, P.C. " Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design" Prentice Hall of
2. KrishnaRaju .N. "Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design", CBS Publishers
and Distributors ,1986.
3. Purushothaman .P. " Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements": Behaviour
Analysis and Design, Tata Mcgraw Hill ,1986.
4. Park..R and Pauly.T. "Reinforced Concrete Structures", John wiley &
07ST203 STEEL STRUCTURES
3 1 0 100
1. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF INDUSRIAL BUILDINGS 12
Review of loads on structures - Analysis and design of Industrial buildings and
Bents- Sway and non sway frames -Design of purlins , louver Rails ,gable
column and Gable wind girder - Analysis and Design of gable frame.
2. BEHAVIOUR AND DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS 12
Connection Behaviour - Design Requirements of Bolted and welded
Connection - Un stiffened and stiffened Seat connection - Framed connection
- Moment resistant connection - Tee Stub and End plate connections -
Column Stiffeners and other reinforcements -Principles of Semi rigid
3. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF COLD FORMED STEEL STRUCTURES 12
Types of cross sections - Concept of local buckling and effective width -
Design of compression and tension members - Concept of lateral buckling-
Design of beams-Combined stresses and connections - Empirical design of Z -
Purlins with lips and wall studs.
4. ANA LYSIS AND DESIGN OF SPECIAL STRUCTURES 12
Analysis of tubular trusses-forces in the members-Design of self supporting
chimney and guyed steel stacks- Stresses due to wind and Earth quake forces
- Design of foundation - Gust factor method.
5. ADVANCED DESIGN PHILOSOPHIES 12
Concept of plastic design - probabilistic basis of load and resistant factor -
Limit states design - Ultimate and Serviceability Limit States - Limit state design
of Axially loaded member - Design of beams
Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15 , TOTAL = 60
1. P.Daya ratnam, "Design of steel structures" S.Chand and co, New Delhi.
2. S.Ramachandra "Design of steel structures" Standard publications, New
3. Teaching resourse for structural steel design, INSDAG, Kolkatta.
4. Salmon .C.G and Johnson .J.E "steel structures - Design and Behaviour,
Harper and Row, 1980.
5. William .T. Segui " LRFD Steel design" PWS Publishing
07ST204 DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURES
3 1 0 100
1. SUB SURFACE EXPLORATION 9
Purpose - Programme and Procedures - Interpretation of bore logs, soil data and
2. SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS 13
Types of foundations and their specific applications - depth of foundation - bearing
capacity and settlement estimates - structural design of isolated footings, strip,
rectangular and trapezoidal combined footings - strap- raft foundation -
Approximate flexible method of raft design.
3. DEEP FOUNDATIONS 9
Types of Piles and their applications - Load capacity - Settlements - Group action -
Design of piles and pile caps.
4. FOUNDATIONS FOR OTHER MISCELLANEOUS STRUCTURES 13
Caissons and Well foundations - Foundations for towers -Braced cuts-Coffer dams..
5. MACHINE FOUNDATIONS 16
Types - General requirements and design criteria - General analysis of machinefoundations-
soil system - Stiffness and damping parameters - Tests for design
parameters - Guide lines for design of reciprocating engines, impact type machines,
rotary type machines, framed foundations.
Lecture : 45, Tutorial : 15 , TOTAL = 60
1. Thomlinson, M.J. and Boorman. R. "Foundation Design and Construction",
ELBS Longman VI edition, 1995.
2. Nayak, N.V., "Foundation Design manual for Practicing Engineers", Dhanpat
Rai and Sons, 1982.
3. Winterkorn H.F., and Fang H.Y., "Foundation Engineering Hand Book - Van
Nostrard - Reinhold - 1976.
4. Brain J Bell and M.J. Smith "Reinforced Concrete Foundations" George Godwin
5. Braja M. Das "Principles of Foundations Engineering" Thomson Asia (P) Ltd.
6. Bowels J. E "Foundation Analysis and Design" McGraw-Hill International Book
LIST OF ELECTIVES
07STE01 ADVANCED CONCRETE TECHNOLOGY L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (8)
Concrete: Past, Present and Future- Constituent Materials --Strength of Concrete-
Dimensional Stability of Concrete- Chemical and Mineral Admixtures-Properties of
Fresh and hardened Concrete - Principles of Concrete Mix Design-Methods of
Concrete mix design.UNIT - II SPECIAL CONCRETES (9)
Lightweight and Heavy Weight Concrete-High Strength Concrete-High Performance
Concrete-Polymers in Concrete-Steel fiber Reinforced Concrete-Ferrocement
Concrete-Vaccum Concrete-Shotcrete-Ready Mixed Concrete-SIFCON.UNIT - III DURABILITY OF CONCRETE (8)
Permeability-chemical attack-sulphate attack-Quality of water-marine conditions-
Thermal properties of concrete-fire resistance-methods of making durable concrete -
Mass Concrete-Formwork-Structural Concrete Block Masonry -Quality Control of
Concrete Construction.UNIT - IV FORMWORK AND QUALITY CONTROL (8)
Formwork Materials and Systems-Specifications-Design-Recommendations of IS 456-
2000 on Quality- Statistical Parameters and Variability-Errors in Concrete
Constructions-Quality Management.UNIT - V CONCRETING UNDER SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES (12)
Underground Construction-Concreting in Marine Environment-Under eater
Construction-Hot weather and Cold weather concreting.Tests on Concrete : Evaluation of Strength of existing structures-investigation
Techniques-Tests on Hardened Concrete-Non Destructive Testing-Semi destructive
testing techniques-Tests on fresh Concrete-Load Test on Structural Components.
1 Neville, A.M., Properties of Concrete, Pitman Publishing Limited, London.
2 Shetty M.S.,Concrete Technology,S.Chand and Company Ltd,.New Delhi,2003.
3 Gambir,M.L. "Concrete Technology", Tata McGraw Hill, Publishing Co,Ltd,New
4 Krishnaraju.N, "Design of Concrete mixes", Sehgal Educational Consultants
5 IS:456-2000,Indian Standards Code of Practice for Palain and Reinforced
6 IS: 10262, "Recommended Guidelines for Concrete Mix Design",1982.
7 Santhakumar,A.R., Concrete Technology, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
07STE02 ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I (9)
Modern Construction Methods: Open Excavation, Shafts and Tunnels- Preparation of
foundation, Cofferdams, Caisson, Piled Foundation, Prestressed Concrete
Construction, Pre-cast Concrete Construction.UNIT - II (9)
Construction Methods for: Bridges, Roads, Railways, Dams, Harbour, River Works
PipelinesUNIT - III (9)
Construction Equipment used for Earth Moving, Excavating, Drilling, Blasting,
Tunneling and hoistingUNIT - IV (9)
Construction Equipment used for Conveying, Hoisting, Dredging, Dewatering
Systems, Paving and concreting PlantUNIT - V (9)
Principles and Practices of Temporary structures, Shoring, and Strutting,
Underpinning, Principles and Design of Formwork, Scaffolding, Operation and
maintenance of construction equipments
Peurifoyu , R. L., , Ledbette, W.B., Construction Planning , Equipment and
Methods, Mc Graw Hill Co., 1985
2 Antill J.M., PWD, Civil Engineering Construction, Mc Graw Hill Book Co., 1982
Varma, M Construction Equipment and its Planning & Applications, Metropoltian
Book Co., 1979
4 Nunnaly, S.W., Construction Methods and Management , Prentice - Hall, 1987
5 Ataev, S.S., Construction Technology, MIR , Pub. 1985
Ratay , R.T., Handbook of Temporary Structures in Construction Mc Graw Hill
Book Co., 1984
Koerner. R.M., Construction & Geotechnical Methods in Foundation Engg, Mc
Graw Hill Book Co., 1984
Smith ., R.C., Andres, CK., Principles & Practice of Heavy Construction ,
Prentice Hall , 1986
L T P M
07STE03 ASEISMIC DESIGN OF STRUCTURES
3 0 0 100UNIT - I (9)
Elements of Engineering Seismology, Characteristics of Earthquakes, History,
Seismic Susceptibility of Indian Subcontinent, Performance of structures during past
earthquakes, Lessons learnt from past earthquakes.UNIT - II (9)
Theory of vibrations ,Building Systems , Rigid Frames, Braced Frames, Shear Walls,
Behaviour of RC, Steel and Prestressed concrete elements under cyclic loading ,Soil
performance-liquefaction of soils and prevention methodsUNIT - III (12)
Concept of Earthquake Resistant Design, Response Spectrum ,Design Spectrum
Provisions of Seismic Code IS 1893 (Part I) - 2002 ,Structural Configuration , 3 D
computer analysis of building (Theory) ,Design and Detailing of Frames, Shear Walls
and Framed Walls ,Provisions of IS-13920.UNIT - IV (8)
Design of Non Engineered construction ,strengthening of buildings, Design
Provisions for Bridges and Dams.UNIT - V (7)
Modern Concepts -Base Isolation, Adoptive systems and Case studies.
1 Course Notes "Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings", IIT Kanpur, June,
1999 (NPEEE publication).
2 Minoru Wakabayashi, "Design of Earthquake Resistant Buildings", McGraw -
Hill Book Company, New York, 1986
3 Anil K Chopra, "Dynamics of structures - Theory and applications to Earthquake Engineering", Prentice Hall Inc., 2001.
4 Norman B Green, "Earthquake Resistant Building Design and Construction",
Elsevier Science Publishing Co. Inc., New York, 1987
5 Clough R.W. and Penzien J., 'Dynamics of Structures', McGraw-Hill, 2nd edition,
6 Newmark N.M. and Rosenblueth E., 'Fundamentals of Earthquake Engg.',
Prentice Hall, 1971.
7 Wiegel R.L., 'Earthquake Engg.', Prentice Hall, 1970.
8 Blume J.A., Newmark N.M., Corning L.H., 'Design of Multi-storied Buildings for
Earthquake ground motions', Portland Cement Association, Chicago, 1961.
I.S. Codes No. 1893, 4326, 13920 etc.
07STE04 CAAD FOR STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I COMPUTER GRAPHICS (9)
Graphic primitives - Transformations - Basics of 2-D drafting - Modeling of curves and
surfaces - Solid modeling - Graphic standards - Drafting software packages and
usage.UNIT - II STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS (9)
Computer methods of structural analysis - Finite Element programming - Analysis
through application packages.UNIT - III STRUCTURAL DESIGN (9)
Computer aided design of steel and RC Structural elements - Detailed drawing - Bill
of materials.UNIT - IV OPTIMIZATION (9)
Linear programming - Simplex algorithm - Post-optimality analysis - Project
scheduling - CPM and PERT applications Genetic algorithm and applications.UNIT - V ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (9)
Introduction - Heuristic search - knowledge based expert systems - Architecture and
applications of KBES - Expert system shells - Principles of neural network.
1 C.S. Krishnamoorthy and S.Rajeev, Computer Aided Design, Narosa Publishing
House, New Delhi, 1991.
2 H.B. Harrison, Structural Analysis and Design Vol. I & II, Pergamon Press, 1991
E.Hinton and D.R.J.Owen, Finite Element Programming, Academic Press 1977.
3 Billy E.Gillet, Introduction to Operations Research, A computer oriented
algorithmic approach, Tata McGraw-Hill 1982.
4 Richard Forsyth (Ed.), Expert System Principles and Case studies - Chapman &
07STE05 DESIGN OF BRIDGES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)
Classification, detailed investigations, choice of type, I.R.C.specifications for road
bridges, standard live loads, other forces acting on bridges, general design
considerations.Design of solid slab bridgesUNIT - II R.C. GIRDER BRIDGES (9)
Load distribution theories, Design of Tee beam and Slab bridges using Pigeauds
Method, Courbon's theory- Balanced cantilever bridges-design of articulationUNIT - III LONG SPAN GIRDER BRIDGES, PLATE GRIDER BRIDGES (9)
Box girder bridges -Design principles of Continuous Bridges- Design of Plate Girder
Railway bridges.UNIT - IV DESIGN OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES (9)
Prestressed Concrete Bridges- types - Preliminary Dimensions- Design of
Prestressed concrete slab bridge deck- Design of Post Tensioned T beam bridge.
UNIT - V BEARINGS, SUBSTRUCTURES AND FOOTINGS FORBRIDGES (9)
Design of Bridge bearing-Types of Bridge substructures-Design of Piers and
Abutments , Bridge Foundations- Design of Well and Pile Foundation.
1 Krishnaraju, N., "Design of Bridges", Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., Bombay,
Calcutta, New Delhi, 1988.
2 Jagadeesh .T.R, Jayaram. M.A , " Design of Bridge Structures " Prentice - Hall
India , New Delhi , 2004.
3 Raina V.K. "Concrete Bridge Practice", Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company,
New Delhi, 1991.
4 Bakht, B. and Jaegar, L.G., "Bridge Analysis Simplified", McGraw-Hill, 1985.
5 Ponnuswamy, S., "Bridge Engineering", Tata McGraw-Hill, 1989
6 Derrick Beckett, "An introduction to Structural Design of Concrete Bridges",
Surrey University Press, Henley Thomes, Oxford Shire, 1973
7 Taylor, F.W., Thomson, S.E., and Smulski E., "Reinforced Concrete Bridges",
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1955.
8 RC 5-1970: Standard Specification and code of practice for road bridges,
Section I General, Features of Design, 1975.
9 IRC 6-1966: Standard Specification and code of practice for road bridges,
Section II General, Load and Stresses, 1974.
10 IRC 21-1987: Standard Specification and code of practice for road bridges,
Section III Cement Concrete (Plain and Reinforced) 1996.
07STE06 DESIGN OF SHELL AND SPATIAL STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I MEMBRANE THRORY OF SHELLS (10)
Classification of shells - Types of shells - Structural action - Membrane theory - Shells
of revolution and shells of translation - Examples - Limitations of membrane theory.UNIT - II DESIGN OF FOLDED PLATES (10)
Folded Plate structures - structural behaviour - Types - Design by ACI - ASCE Task
Committee method.UNIT - III SPACE FRAME - DESIGN PHILOSOPHY (5)
Space frames - configuration - types of nodes - general principles of design
Philosophy - BehaviourUNIT - IV ANALYSIS OF SPACE FRAMES (10)
Analysis of space frames - Formex Algebra, FORMIAN - Detailed design of Space
framesUNIT - V OPTIMASATION (10)
Optimization by structural theorems - Maxwell, Mirchell and Heyman's Theorems for
trusses and frames - Fully stressed design with deflection constraints - Genetic
1 Wilhelm Flügge, Stresses in shells, Springer - Verlag
2 Timoshenko, S. Theory of Plates and Shells, McGraw Hill, 1990
3 Ramasamy, G.S., Design and Construction of Concrete Shells Roofs, CBS
4 Dr.N.Subramanian," Principles of Space Structures", Wheeler Publishing Co.
5 Proceedings of International Conference on Space Structures, Anna University,
6 Uri Krish, Optimum Structural Design, McGraw Hill Book Co. 1981
07STE07 DESIGN OF STEEL CONCRETE COMPOSITE STRUCTURES
L T P M
3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)
Introduction to Steel - Concrete Composite Construction - Theory of composite
structures - Introduction to steel -Concrete - Steel Sandwich ConstructionUNIT - II DESIGN OF COMPOSITE MEMBERS (9)
Behaviour of composite beams - Columns - Design of composite beams - Steel -
Concrete composite columns -Design of composite trusses.UNIT - III DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS (9)
Types of Connections - Design of connections in the Composite Structures - Shear
connections - Design of connections in Composite Trusses.UNIT - IV COMPOSITE BOX GRIDER BRIDGERS (9)
Introduction - Behaviour of Box Girder Bridges - Design concepts.UNIT - V GENERAL (9)
Case studies on Steel - Concrete Composite Construction in buildings - Seismic
behaviour of composite structures.
1 Johnson R.P., Composite structures of steel and concrete, Blackwell Scientific
Publications(Second Edition), UK, 1994
2 Owens, G.W. and Knowels.P. Steel Designers manual (Fifth edition), Steel
Concrete Institute (UK), Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1992
3 Workshop on Steel Concrete Composite Structures, conducted at Anna
07STE08 DESIGN OF STRUCTURES FOR DYNAMIC LOADS L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (10)
Factors affecting design against dynamic loads - Behaviour of concrete, steel,
masonry and soil under impact and cyclic loads - Recap of Structural dynamics with
reference to SDOF, MDOF and continuum systems - Ductility and its importanceUNIT - II DESIGN AGAINST EARTHQUAKES (10)
Earthquake characterisation - Response spectra - seismic coeffcient and response
spectra methods of estimating loads - Response of framed, braced frames and shear
wall buildings - Design as per BIS codes of practice - Ductility based designUNIT - III DESIGN AGAINST BLAST AND IMPACT (10)
Displacement method for three dimensional Structure - Coordinate transformations -
Analysis of space trusses and space framesUNIT - IV DESIGN AGAINST WIND (10)
Characteristics of wind - Basic and Design wind speeds - Effect of permeability of the
structure - pressure coefficient - Aero elastic and Aerodynamic effects - Design as
per BIS code of practice including Gust Factor approach - tall buildings, stacks and
chimneys.UNIT - V SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS (5)
Energy absorption capacity - Ductility of the material and the structure - Detailing for
ductility - Passive and active control of vibrations - New and favourable materials
1 Bela Goschy, "Design of Building to withstand abnormal loading ", Butterworths,
2 Paulay, .T. and Priestly, .M.N.J., "A seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete and
Masonry building ",John Wiley and Sons, 1991.
3 Dowling, .C.H., "Blast vibration - Monitoring and control ", Prentice Hall Inc.,
Englewood Cliffs, 1985.
4 Kolousek, .V. et al., "Wind effects on Civil Engineering Structures ", Elsevier,
5 Concrete Structures under Impact and Impulsive Loading, Synthesis Report
CEB,Lousanne, Germany, 1988.
07STE09 DESIGN OF TALL BUILDINGS L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I DESIGN CRITERIA (6)
Design Philosophy, Materials - Modern concepts - High Performance Concrete, Fibre
Reinforced Concrete, Light weight concrete, Self Compacting Concrete.UNIT - II LOADING (8)
Gravity Loading - Dead load, Live load, Impact load, Construction load, Sequential
loading. Wind Loading - Static and Dynamic Approach, Analytical method, Wind
Tunnel Experimental methods. Earthquake Loading - Equivalent lateral Load
analysis, Response Spectrum Method, Combination of Loads,UNIT - III BEHAVIOUR OF STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS (9)
Factors affecting the growth, height and structural form, Behaviour of Braced frames,
Rigid Frames, In filled frames, Shear walls, Coupled Shear walls, Wall - Frames,
Tubular, Outrigger braced, Hybrid systems.UNIT - IV ANALYSIS AND DESIGN (13)
Modeling for approximate analysis, Accurate analysis and reduction techniques,
Analysis of structures as an integral unit, Analysis for member forces, drift and twist.
Computerized 3D analysis. Design for differential movement, Creep and Shrinkage
effects, Temperature Effects and Fire Resistance.UNIT - V STABILITY ANALYSIS (9)
Overall buckling analysis of frames, wall - frames, Approximate methods, Second
order effect of gravity loading, P - Delta Effects, Simultaneous first order and P-Delta
analysis, Translational instability, Torsional Instability, Out of plumb effects, Effect of
stiffness of members and foundation rotation in stability of structures.
1 Bryan Stafford Smith and Alex Coull, "Tall Building Structures", Analysis and
Design, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1991.
2 Taranath B.S, "Structural Analysis and Design of Tall Buildings", McGraw-Hill,
3 COULL, A. and SMITH, STAFFORD, B. "Tall Buildings", Pergamon Press,
London, 1997.LinT.Y. and Burry D.Stotes, "Structural Concepts and Systems for
Architects and Engineers", John Wiley, 1994.
4 Lynn S.Beedle, Advances in Tall Buildings, CBS Publishers and Distributors,
07STE10 DISASTER RESISTANT STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I BEHAVIOUR OF LIFE-LINE STRUCTURES (9)
Philosophy for design to resist earthquake, cyclone and flood, tsunami ,National and
International codes of practice ,By-Law of urban and semi-urban areas - Traditional
and modern structures.UNIT - II COMMUNITY STRUCTURES (9)
Response of dams, bridges, buildings ,Strengthening measures , Safety analysis
and rating - Reliability assessmentUNIT - III REHABILITATION AND RETROFITTING (9)
Testing and evaluation - Classification of structures for safety point of view - methods
of strengthening for different disasters - qualification test.UNIT - IV DETAILING OF STRUCTURES AND COMPONENTS (9)
Use of morden materials and their impact on disaster reduction, Use of modern
analysis, design and construction techniques optimisation for performance.UNIT - V DAMAGE ASSESSMENT OF STRUCTURES (9)
Damage surveys - Maintenance and modifications to improve hazard resistance -
Different types of foundation and its impact on safety - Ground improvement
1 V.Moskvin, et.all Concrete and Reinforced Concrete - Deterioration and
Protection Mir Publishers - Moscow 1980.
2 R.T.Allen and S.C.Edwards Repair of Concrete Structures, Blakie and Sons,
3 Proceedings IABSE 14th Congress "Civilisation through Civil Engineering" New
Delhi, May 1992.
4 Raiker R.N.Learning from failures Deficiencies in Design, Construction and
Service,R & D Center (SDCPL) Raiker Bhavan, Bombay, 1987.
5 Santhakumar A .R "Concrete Technology, Oxford Higher Education , New
07STE11 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I DESIGN OF PIPES (9)
Structural design of a)Concrete b) prestressed concrete c)steel and d)cast iron piping
mains, sewage tanks design- anchorage for pipes- massive outfalls-structural design
and laying hydrodynamic considerations. Advance in the manufacture of pipesUNIT - II ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF WATER TANKS (15)
Analysis of a concrete roofing systems a)Cylindrical b)Spherical and c)conical
shapes using membrane theory and design of various types of folded plates for
roofing with concrete. IS Codes for the design of water retaining structures.
Design of circular, rectangular, spherical and intze type of tanks using concrete.
(excluding staging; underground overhead tank) Design of prestressed concrete
cylindrical tanks - Economic analysis.UNIT - III DESIGN OF SPECIAL PURPOSE STRUCTURES (12)
Under ground reservoirs and swimming pools, intake towers, Structural design
including foundation for water retaining structures such as settling tanks ,
clarifloculators, aeration tanks etc., - effect of earth pressure and uplift
considerations- selection of materials for constructionUNIT - IV REPAIR AND REHABILITATION OF STRUCTURES (9)
Diagnosing the cause and damage, identification of different types of structural and
non-structural cracks- repair and rehabilitation methods for masonry, concrete and
steel structures. Exposure on steel, lattice structures used in water and sewage
1 "REINFORCED concrete". P.Dayarathnam, oxford & IBH publications
2 "Prestressed Concrete", Krishna Raju, Tata MCGeaw Hill Publishing Co., 2nd
3 Hulse, R., Mosley, W.H., Reinforced Concrete Design by computer.
4 Ramaswamy, G.S., "Design and construction of concrete Shell Roofs" CBS
Publishers, India, 1986.
5 Green, J.K., and Perkins, P.H., "Concrete Liquid Retaining Structures", Applied
Science Publishers, 1981.
07STE12 INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I PLANNING AND FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS (12)
Classification of Industries and Industrial structures -planning for lay out
Requirements regarding Lighting, Ventilation and Fire safety- Protection against
noise and vibration- guide lines from factories Act.UNIT - II INDUSTRIAL, BUILDING (12)
Roofs for Industrial Buildings- Steel and RC- folded plates and shell roofs- Gantry
Girders- Design of Corbels and Nibs- Machine FoundationsUNIT - III POWER PLANT STRUCTURES (12)
Bunkers and Silos - Chimney and cooling Towers - Design of steel storage tanks-
Nuclear containment structuresUNIT - IV POWER TRANSMISSION STRUCTURES (9)
Cables- Transmission Line Towers - Substation structures- Tower Foundations -
1 Procs. Of advanced course on Industrial Structures, Structural Engineering
Research Centre, 1982.
2 P.Srinivasulu and C.V. Vaidyanathan, Handbook of Machine Foundations. Tata
McGraw - Hill 1976.
3 S.N.Manohar. Tall chimneys - Design and Construction. Tata McGraw -Hill,
4 A.R.santhakumar and S.S.Murthy,Transmission Line structures, Tata MCGraw-
5 Dr. K.Rajagopalan -Storage Structures - Oxford IBH Publishing Company Ltd.
07STE13 MAINTENANCE AND REHABILITATION OF STRUCTURES
L T P M
3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)
Quality assurance for concrete construction as built concrete properties strength,
permeability, thermal properties and cracking. Effects due to climate, temperature,
chemicals, wear and erosion, Design and construction errors.UNIT - II DURABILITY OF STRUCTURES (9)
Corrosion mechanism - diagnosis- causes and effects - cover thickness and
cracking, measurements for corrosion - methods of corrosion protection, corrosion
inhibitors, corrosion resistant steels, coatings, cathodic protection.UNIT - III MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR STRATEGIES (9)
Definitions: Maintenance, repair and rehabilitation, Facets of Maintenance
importance of Maintenance Preventive measures on various aspects Inspection,
Assessment procedure for evaluating a damaged structure causes of deterioration -
testing techniques.UNIT - IV MATERIALS FOR REPAIR (9)
Special concretes and mortar, concrete chemicals, special elements for accelerated
strength gain, Expansive cement, polymer concrete, sulphur infiltrated concrete, ferro
cement, Fibre reinforced concrete. eliminators and polymers coating for rebars
during repair foamed concrete, mortar and dry pack, vacuum concrete.UNIT - V TECHNIQUES FOR REPAIR AND REPAIR OF STRUCTURES (9)
Rust, Gunite and Shotcrete Epoxy injection, Mortar repair for cracks, shoring and
underpinning. Repairs to overcome low member strength, Deflection, Cracking,
Chemical disruption, weathering wear, fire, leakage, marine exposure Engineered
demolition techniques for Dilapilated structures - case studies
1 Denison Campbell, Allen and Harold Roper, "Concrete Structures", Materials,
Maintenance and Repair, Longman Scientific and Technical UK, 1991
2 R.T.Allen and S.C.Edwards, "Repair of Concrete Structures", Blakie and
Sons, UK, 1987.
07STE14 OPTIMIZATION IN STRUCTURAL DESIGN L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (9)
Basic concepts of minimum weight, minimum cost design, objective function,
constraints, classical methodsUNIT - II OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES AND ALGORITHMS (9)
Linear programming, Integer Programming, Quadratic Programming. Dynamic
Programming and geometric Programming methods for optimal design of structural
elements.UNIT - III COMPUTER SEARCH METHODS (9)
Linear Programming methods for plastic design of frames. Computer search for
univariate and multivariate MinimizationUNIT - IV OPTIMIZATION THEOREMS (9)
Optimization by structural theorems, MAXwell, Mitchell and Heyman's Theorems for
trusses and frames, fully stressed design with deflection constraints, optimality
criterion methods.UNIT - V NON-TRADITIONAL OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES (9)
Methods land on national evolution - Genetic Algorithm - simulated annealing -
Truss problem - Hand simulation for simple problems.
1 Spunt, optimum Structural design, Civil Engineering and Mechanics Services,
Prentice -Hall , New Jersey 1971.
2 S.S.Rao, Optimization theory and Applications, wiley Eastern Limited, New
3 Uri Krisch, Optimum Structural design, McGraw-Hill Book Co.1981.
4 Richard Bronson, Operation Research, Schaum's Outline series, McGraw-Hill
book Co, Singapore, 1983.
07STE15 PREFABRICATED STRUCTURES L T P M
3 0 0 100
UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (3)
General Civil Engineering requirements, specific requirements for planning and I layout of
prefabricates plant. IS Code specifications.
UNIT - II DESIGN PRINCIPLES (6)
Modular co-ordination, standardization, Disuniting, of Prefabricates, production,
transportation, erection, stages f loading and codal provisions, safety factors, material
properties, Deflection control, Lateral load resistance, Location and types of shear walls
UNIT - III REINFORCED CONCRETE (6)
Prefabricated structures - Long wall and cross-wall large panel buildings, one way and two
way prefabricated slabs, Framed buildings with partial and curtain walls, single storey
industrial buildings with trusses and shells, Crane-gantry systems.
UNIT - IV FLOORS, STAIRS AND ROOFS (9)
Types of floor slabs, analysis and design example of cored and panel types and two-way
systems, staircase slab design, types of roof slabs and insulation requirements, Description of
joints, their behaviour and reinforcement requirements, Deflection control for short term and
long term loads, Ultimate strength calculations in shear and flexure.
UNIT - V WALLS (9)
Types of wall panels, Blocks and large panels, Curtain, Partition and load bearing walls, load
transfer from floor to wall panels, vertical loads, Eccentricity and stability of wall panels,
Design Curves, types of wall joints, their behaviour and design, Leak prevention, joint
sealants, sandwich wall panels, approximate design of shear walls.
UNIT - VI DESIGN OF INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS (6)
Components of single-storey industrial sheds with crane gantry systems, Design of R.C.
Roof Trusses, Roof Panels, Design of R.C. crane-gantry girders, corbels and columns, wind
UNIT - VII DESIGN OF SHELL ROOFS FOR INDUSTRIAL SHEDS (6)
Cylindrical, Folded plate and hyper-prefabricated shells, Erection and jointing, joint design,
hand book based design.
Reference Books Total 45
1 B.Lewicki, Building with Large Prefabricates, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam/
London/New York, 1966.
2 Koncz.T., Manual of Precast Concrete Construction, Vol.I II and III, Bauverlag, GMBH,
3 Structural Design Manual, Precast Concrete Connection Details, Society for the Studies
in the use of Precase Concrete, Netherland Betor Verlag, 1978.
4 Lasslo Mokk, Prefabricated Concrete for Industrial and Public Sectors, Akademiai Kiado,
5 Murashev.V., Sigalov.E., and Bailov.V., Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures,
6 CBRI, Building Materials and Components, 1990, India.
7 Gerostiza. C.Z., Hendrikson, C., Rehat D.R., Knowledge Based Process Planning for
Construction and Manufacturing, Academic Press, Inc., 1989.
8 Warszawski, A., Industrialization and Robotics in Building - A managerial approach,
Harper & Row,1990.
07STE16 PRESTRESSEED CONCRETE L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I (8)
Principles of Prestressing-Types and Systems of prestressing-Need for High
Strength materials-Analysis-Load Balancing Concept-Methods-Losses-Deflection-
Camber-Cable Layouts -Behaviour under flexure-Codal Provisions(IS,British,ACI and
DIN),Ultimate Strength.UNIT - II (8)
Design of flexural members-Design for shear, bond and torsion. Design of end
blocks-their importance- Design of Tension members-Application in the Design of
prestressed pipes and prestressed concrete cylindrical water tanks.UNIT - III (8)
Design of Compression members with and with out flexure-its application in the
design piles-fiagmasts and similar structures.UNIT - IV (8)
Composite beams-Analysis and design-ultimate strength-their application-Partial
prestressing-its advantages and applications.UNIT - V (8)
Applications of Prestressing in Continuous beams-Concept of linear
Traqnsformation-Concordant Cable Profile and cap cables.UNIT - VI (5)
Special Structures like prestressed folded plates-Prestressed cylindrical shellsprestressed
Reference Books Total 451 T.Y.Lin,Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures, John Wiley and
Sons,Inc1960.2 Leonhardt F.,Prestressed Concrete, design and Construction, Wilhelm Ernst and
Shon,Berlin,1964.3 Evans,R.H and Bennet,E.W.,Prestressed Concrete,Champman and
4 Code of Practice for Prestressed Concrete-IS 1343-1980.5 Prestressed Concrete by Krishna Raju, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co,New
Delhi.6 Fundamentals of Prestressed Concrete by N.C.Sinha & S.K.Roy,S.Chand and
07STE17 SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I SOIL-FOUNDATION INTERACTION (6)
Introduction to soil-foundation interaction problems - Soil behaviour, Foundation
behaviour, Interface behaviour, Scope of soil foundation interaction analysis, Soil
response models, Winkler, Elastic continuum, two parameter elastic models, Elastic
plastic behaviour, Time dependent behaviour.UNIT - II BEAM ON ELASTIC FOUNDATION- SOIL MODELS (10)
Infinite beam, two parameters, Isotropic elastic half-space, Analysis of beams of
finite length, Classification of finite beams in relation to their stiffness.UNIT - III PLATE ON ELASTIC MEDIUM (10)
Infinite plate, Winkler, Two parameters, Isotropic elastic medium, Thin and thick
plates, Analysis of finite plates, rectangular and circular plates, Numerical analysis of
finite plates, Simple solutions.UNIT - IV ELASTIC ANALYSIS OF PILE (10)
Elastic analysis of single pile, Theoretical solutions for settlement and load
distributions, Analysis of pile group, Interaction analysis, Load distribution in groups
with rigid cap.UNIT - V LATERALLY LOADED PILE (9)
Load deflection prediction for laterally loaded piles, Sub grade reaction and elastic
analysis, Interaction analysis, Pile raft system, Solutions through influence charts.
Reference Books Total 45
1 Selvadurai, A.P.S., "Elastic Analysis of Soil Foundation Interaction", Elsevier,
2 Poulos, H.G., and Davis, E.H., "Pile Foundation Analysis and Design", John
3 Scott, R.F., "Foundation Analysis", Prentice Hall, 1981
4 Structure-Soil Interaction - State of Art Report", Institution of Structural
5 ACI 336, "Suggested Analysis and Design Procedures for combined footings
and Mats", American Concrete Institute, Delhi, 1988
07STE18 STABILITY OF STRUCTURES L T P M 3 0 0 100UNIT - I INTRODUCTION (3)
Concept of stability approaches to stability analysis, characteristics of stability
problems.UNIT - II COLUMNS (12)
Buckling of columns with various end conditions, imperfect columns, elastically
supported columns, nonprismatic columns, Built-up columns, inelastic buckling,
Experimental study of column behaviour, Emperical column formulae. Buckling of
bars on elastic foundations, large deflection of buckled bars.UNIT - III BEAMS - COLUMNS (3)
Beam-column theory, Application to buckling of frames.UNIT - IV TORSIONAL BUCKLING (6)
Combined torsional and flexural buckling.UNIT - V LATERAL BUCKLING (6)
Lateral buckling of beams, pure bending of simply supported beam and cantilever,
numerical solutions.UNIT - VI PLATES (6)
Buckling of thin plates, various edge conditions, Inelastic buckling, post buckling
strength.UNIT - VII APPROXIMATE METHODS (9)
Energy methods, Iterative procedure and Finite element formulation.
1 Allen, H.G., and Bulson, P.S., Background to Buckling, McGraw Hill Book
2 Smitses, Elastic Stability of Structures, Prentice Hall, 1973.
3 Timoshenko, S., and Gere., Theory of Elastic Stability, McGraw Hill Book
4 Brush and Almorth.,Buckling of Bars, Plates and Shells, McGraw Hill Book
5 Chajes, A. Principles of Structures Stability Theory, Prentice Hall, 1974.
6 Ashwini Kumar, Stability Theory of Structures, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing
Company Ltd., New Delhi,1985.